telegraph.co.uk | sport.telegraph.co.uk | travel.telegraph.co.uk | money.telegraph.co.uk
election2001
Constituency A-Z
Map A-Z
MPs A-Z
Swingometer
Paxman game
Issues
Analysis
Win 1,000,000
Telegraph home
UK News
International news
City news
Opinions
DT letters
Telegraph feedback
Sport
Site index
About us
Contact us
Credits
Readers Poll Con 52% Lab 28% LD 18% Nat 2% Enter your vote to win 1M

Harwich
Labour hold

Constituency Profile by Robert Waller
The Essex coastal constituency of Harwich saw the highest percentage polled anywhere in Britain by the Referendum Party, represented by Jeffrey Titford, a member of a prominent local family of undertakers. Mr Titford is now a European Parliament MP, elected on the regional list system in 1999; one wonders he has gone to that body to praise it or to bury it. Assisted by his intervention, Labour's Ivan Henderson pulled off an astonishing victory over the Conservative incumbent Iain Sproat (his third different constituency) in 1997. This gave this flying Dutchman among politicians more time to edit his annual Cricketer's Who's Who. Now Sproat tries to regain Harwich, surely his last port of call, at the age of 62. It might be assumed that with the Referendum tide having ebbed that he will certainly succeed; but it might not be a shoo-in. In May 1999, for example, Labour won in nine of the 20 Tendring District Council wards in the seat. The bulk of the population does not reside in the port of Harwich itself, but in the coastal resorts of (progressing up the self-ascribed social scale) Clacton, Walton on the Naze and Frinton on Sea. If Sproat does win, his majority will not reach anything like the 15,000 mark of the headier days of 1992 (when John Major, remember, won a surprise victory with an overall majority of just 21). How times change.

Personality Profile by Byron Criddle
Ivan Henderson, born here in 1958 and a local dock worker who rose to become an RMT union organiser, is one of Labour's rare ex-manual worker MPs, elected here in 1997 for a seat never held by Labour. A short man, with a down-turned mouth, he tends to bowl loyalist questions, though tabled only five written ones in the first year. He faces a re-run against the former Tory MP Iain Sproat, born 1938, educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford and the second most likely Tory retread in the 2001 intake. A political nomad who progressed from 13 years as MP for Aberdeen South (1970-83), via an abortive attempt to win Roxbrough & Selkirk in 1983, to a political resurrection at Harwich in 1992, he obeyed the advice of Central Office for defeated MPs to stand in their old infantry trenches and not "chicken-run" to greener pastures. His reputation has somewhat mellowed from one as an abrasive backbencher to competent Sports Minister (1993-97) in the Major government. At 61 he will be one of the older new Tory MPs.
ACORN Population Profile of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
Thriving
Wealthy Achievers, Suburban Areas 7.61% 14.99% 50.78
Affluent Greys, Rural Communities 2.46% 2.13% 115.64
Prosperous Pensioners, Retirement Areas 36.14% 2.49% 1,453.53
Expanding
Affluent Executives, Family Areas 0.23% 4.43% 5.13
Well-Off Workers, Family Areas 2.56% 7.27% 35.23
Rising
Affluent Urbanites, Town & City Areas 0.03% 2.56% 1.35
Prosperous Professionals, Metropolitan Areas 0.00% 2.04% 0.00
Better-Off Executives, Inner City Areas 3.81% 3.94% 96.51
Settling
Comfortable Middle Agers, Mature Home Owning Areas 12.88% 13.04% 98.80
Skilled Workers, Home Owning Areas 9.21% 12.70% 72.54
Aspiring
New Home Owners, Mature Communities 16.37% 8.14% 201.09
White Collar Workers, Better-Off Multi Ethnic Areas 1.86% 4.02% 46.30
Striving
Older People, Less Prosperous Areas 4.14% 3.19% 130.07
Council Estate Residents, Better-Off Homes 2.52% 11.31% 22.26
Council Estate Residents, High Unemployment 0.17% 3.06% 5.41
Council Estate Residents, Greatest Hardship 0.00% 2.52% 0.00
People in Multi-Ethnic, Low-Income Areas 0.00% 2.10% 0.00
Unclassified
Unclassified 0.00% 0.06% 0.00
Household Income of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
0-5K 13.53% 9.41% 143.72
5-10K 21.70% 16.63% 130.49
10-15K 19.33% 16.58% 116.58
15-20K 14.11% 13.58% 103.86
20-25K 9.64% 10.39% 92.79
25-30K 6.48% 7.77% 83.33
30-35K 4.36% 5.79% 75.29
35-40K 2.97% 4.33% 68.47
40-45K 2.05% 3.27% 62.65
45-50K 1.43% 2.48% 57.66
50-55K 1.02% 1.90% 53.37
55-60K 0.73% 1.47% 49.64
60-65K 0.53% 1.15% 46.39
65-70K 0.39% 0.91% 43.54
70-75K 0.30% 0.72% 41.03
75-80K 0.22% 0.57% 38.80
80-85K 0.17% 0.46% 36.81
85-90K 0.13% 0.37% 35.03
90-95K 0.10% 0.31% 33.43
95-100K 0.08% 0.25% 31.99
100K + 0.35% 1.34% 25.68

Local Map of the constituency
Harwich - Local Map of the constituency

National Map of the constituency
Harwich - National Map of the constituency

Swing
1992-1997 1997-2001
Labour (14.06%)
Conservative (- 15.22%) Liberal Democrat (- 10.05%)
Conservative (3.74%) Labour (6.87%)
Liberal Democrat (-  4.63%)
Con - 15.22%
Lab 14.06%
LD - 10.05%
Con 3.74%
Lab 6.87%
LD - 4.63%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Ivan Henderson
Labour hold
Con Conservative (40.23%) 19,355 40.23%
Lab Labour (45.62%) 21,951 45.62%
LD Liberal Democrat (8.52%) 4,099 8.52%
Oth Other (5.63%) 2,710 5.63%
Maj Majority (5.40%) 2,596 5.40%
Turn Turnout (62.05%) 48,115 62.05%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Ivan Henderson
Labour hold
UK Tony Finnegan-Butler 2,463 5.12%
L Ivan Henderson 21,951 45.62%
I Clive Lawrence 247 0.51%
C Ian Sproat 19,355 40.23%
LD Peter Wilcock 4,099 8.52%
Candidates representing 5 parties stood for election to this seat.
1997 Results - General Election (1 May 1997)
Ivan Henderson
Labour gain
Con Conservative (36.48%) 19,524 36.48%
Lab Labour (38.76%) 20,740 38.76%
LD Liberal Democrat (13.15%) 7,037 13.15%
Ref Referendum (9.20%) 4,923 9.20%
Oth Other (2.41%) 1,290 2.41%
Maj Majority (2.27%) 1,216 2.27%
Turn Turnout (70.62%) 53,514 70.62%
1992 Results -  General Election (9 April 1992)
Conservative
Con Conservative (51.70%) 29,372 51.70%
Lab Labour (24.70%) 14,047 24.70%
LD Liberal Democrat (23.20%) 13,187 23.20%
Oth Other (0.50%) 256 0.50%
Maj Majority (27.00%) 15,325 27.00%
Turn Turnout (76.14%) 56,862 76.14%

Search for your constituency
Search by postcode
Search by MP
Complete list of MPs
Search by constituency
Complete list of constituencies
Search by map go
Previous Previous
Top Top