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election2001
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Readers Poll Con 52% Lab 28% LD 18% Nat 2% Enter your vote to win 1M

Penrith & The Border
Conservative hold

Constituency Profile by Robert Waller
The largest seat in area in England, this massive northern Cumbrian constituency stretches from the Solway Firth to the Yorkshire Dales, from the Scottish border at Gretna Green to Helvellyn in the heart of the Lakes. The only towns of note are Penrith, Appleby with its "gypsy" horse fair, the largest in England and Wigton, the home town of Lord (Melvyn) Bragg, who thought it typical enough to write a book about it called Speak for England. The seat does not share Lord Bragg's impeccable New Labour credentials, though, and indeed both Labour and the Liberal Democrats seem lost among all these acres. It was only close once, in the by-election held in 1983 on the elevation of long-time favourite William Whitelaw to the Lords. This seat may be held to be perhaps the most influential in one way, though, as it lies at the very heart of the disease-racked area with its funeral pyres of thousands of animals, which apparently persuaded Tony Blair to postpone the General Election from May 3 to June 7. This decision will not help his party's chances in Penrith and the Border - and maybe was not designed with so limited an aim.

Personality Profile by Byron Criddle
David Maclean is one of a number of ambitious Scots Tories who, in order to pursue their political ambitions, had to depart what was by 1997 the Tory-free zone north of "the border" featured in the name of his seat. Replacing Willie Whitelaw at a byelection in 1983, he rose from Whip to minister of state in 10 years (in which he refused an offer of a Cabinet post - Agriculture - in order to stay with Michael Howard at the Home Office), but immediately disappeared from the front bench in opposition in 1997. A pin-striped, abrasive right-winger with an emphatic style of oratory, born 1953 and educated at Fortrose Academy and Aberdeen University, and formerly working for Securicor, he has taken to specialising in wrecking private members' bills, notably politically-correct ones on subjects such as fur farming.
ACORN Population Profile of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
Thriving
Wealthy Achievers, Suburban Areas 15.33% 14.99% 102.22
Affluent Greys, Rural Communities 29.98% 2.13% 1,410.11
Prosperous Pensioners, Retirement Areas 0.52% 2.49% 21.06
Expanding
Affluent Executives, Family Areas 0.00% 4.43% 0.00
Well-Off Workers, Family Areas 1.76% 7.27% 24.24
Rising
Affluent Urbanites, Town & City Areas 1.25% 2.56% 48.79
Prosperous Professionals, Metropolitan Areas 0.00% 2.04% 0.00
Better-Off Executives, Inner City Areas 0.13% 3.94% 3.28
Settling
Comfortable Middle Agers, Mature Home Owning Areas 17.67% 13.04% 135.51
Skilled Workers, Home Owning Areas 11.16% 12.70% 87.87
Aspiring
New Home Owners, Mature Communities 10.30% 8.14% 126.52
White Collar Workers, Better-Off Multi Ethnic Areas 3.42% 4.02% 85.06
Striving
Older People, Less Prosperous Areas 3.86% 3.19% 121.33
Council Estate Residents, Better-Off Homes 4.17% 11.31% 36.86
Council Estate Residents, High Unemployment 0.04% 3.06% 1.21
Council Estate Residents, Greatest Hardship 0.40% 2.52% 15.75
People in Multi-Ethnic, Low-Income Areas 0.00% 2.10% 0.00
Unclassified
Unclassified 0.00% 0.06% 0.00
Household Income of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
0-5K 7.23% 9.41% 76.84
5-10K 15.72% 16.63% 94.51
10-15K 17.33% 16.58% 104.52
15-20K 14.85% 13.58% 109.33
20-25K 11.51% 10.39% 110.75
25-30K 8.56% 7.77% 110.07
30-35K 6.26% 5.79% 108.16
35-40K 4.57% 4.33% 105.52
40-45K 3.35% 3.27% 102.48
45-50K 2.46% 2.48% 99.26
50-55K 1.83% 1.90% 95.99
55-60K 1.37% 1.47% 92.73
60-65K 1.03% 1.15% 89.55
65-70K 0.78% 0.91% 86.47
70-75K 0.60% 0.72% 83.51
75-80K 0.46% 0.57% 80.69
80-85K 0.36% 0.46% 77.99
85-90K 0.28% 0.37% 75.42
90-95K 0.22% 0.31% 72.98
95-100K 0.18% 0.25% 70.66
100K + 0.78% 1.34% 58.40

Local Map of the constituency
Penrith & The Border - Local Map of the constituency

National Map of the constituency
Penrith & The Border - National Map of the constituency

Swing
1992-1997 1997-2001
Labour (10.60%)
Conservative (- 11.11%) Liberal Democrat (-  2.31%)
Conservative (7.33%)
Labour (-  3.12%) Liberal Democrat (-  4.94%)
Con - 11.11%
Lab 10.60%
LD - 2.31%
Con 7.33%
Lab - 3.12%
LD - 4.94%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
David MacLean
Conservative hold
Con Conservative (54.92%) 24,302 54.92%
Lab Labour (18.48%) 8,177 18.48%
LD Liberal Democrat (21.75%) 9,625 21.75%
Oth Other (4.85%) 2,145 4.85%
Maj Majority (33.17%) 14,677 33.17%
Turn Turnout (65.29%) 44,249 65.29%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
David MacLean
Conservative hold
L Michael Boaden 8,177 18.48%
LCA Mark Gibson 870 1.97%
UK Thomas Lowther 938 2.12%
C David MacLean 24,302 54.92%
I John Moffat 337 0.76%
LD Kenneth Walker 9,625 21.75%
Candidates representing 6 parties stood for election to this seat.
1997 Results - General Election (1 May 1997)
David Maclean
Conservative
Con Conservative (47.59%) 23,300 47.59%
Lab Labour (21.60%) 10,576 21.60%
LD Liberal Democrat (26.69%) 13,067 26.69%
Ref Referendum (4.12%) 2,018 4.12%
Oth 0 0.00%
Maj Majority (20.90%) 10,233 20.90%
Turn Turnout (73.63%) 48,961 73.63%
1992 Results -  General Election (9 April 1992)
Conservative
Con Conservative (58.70%) 30,030 58.70%
Lab Labour (11.00%) 5,644 11.00%
LD Liberal Democrat (29.00%) 14,848 29.00%
Oth Other (1.20%) 633 1.20%
Maj Majority (29.70%) 15,182 29.70%
Turn Turnout (79.54%) 51,155 79.54%

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