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election2001
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Readers Poll Con 52% Lab 28% LD 18% Nat 2% Enter your vote to win 1M

Preston
Labour hold

Constituency Profile by Robert Waller
In the by-election on 23 November 2000, the former Euro MP for Central Lancashire Mark Hendrick won an uninspiring victory for Labour, by 4,426 votes when the late Audrey Wise had a majority of 18,680 in 1997. But win he did, dashing Tory hopes, apparently of winning any seat at all in a by-election in this Parliament, and he should have a safe seat for the rest of his political career. Under current boundaries, Preston is denuded of its middle class suburb of Fulwood, but does cross the Ribble to include Walton-le-Dale. It has a medium sized Asian community, residing principally in the inner parts of town, such as around Deepdale, home of Preston North End FC, but an even larger element is the influence of Irish immigration in earlier times, which has converted Preston into one of the most Roman Catholic towns in England.

Personality Profile by Byron Criddle
Mark Hendrick replaced the late Audrey Wise here in the 2000 byelection, having beaten her leftwing daughter, Val, to the nomination. Half-Somali, he was born in Salford in 1958, and educated at Salford Grammar Technical School, Openshaw Technical College, Manchester and Liverpool Polytechnics and Manchester University, qualifying in electrical engineering and computer science, and then working for the Science & Engineering Research Council. He was a Salford City Councillor for 8 years, and MEP for Central Lancashire (including Preston) from 1994 to 1999. Though a moderate New Labour figure, he reportedly declined NEC advice to seek a seat in the Midlands and so failed to secure a high enough placing on the local list for the European Parliament election in 1999. His election brought the total of Labour's ethnic minority non-white MPs to 10.
ACORN Population Profile of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
Thriving
Wealthy Achievers, Suburban Areas 3.74% 14.99% 24.92
Affluent Greys, Rural Communities 0.00% 2.13% 0.18
Prosperous Pensioners, Retirement Areas 0.00% 2.49% 0.00
Expanding
Affluent Executives, Family Areas 1.03% 4.43% 23.30
Well-Off Workers, Family Areas 5.67% 7.27% 78.01
Rising
Affluent Urbanites, Town & City Areas 2.54% 2.56% 99.23
Prosperous Professionals, Metropolitan Areas 0.00% 2.04% 0.00
Better-Off Executives, Inner City Areas 2.79% 3.94% 70.70
Settling
Comfortable Middle Agers, Mature Home Owning Areas 8.26% 13.04% 63.37
Skilled Workers, Home Owning Areas 25.14% 12.70% 197.88
Aspiring
New Home Owners, Mature Communities 3.71% 8.14% 45.50
White Collar Workers, Better-Off Multi Ethnic Areas 5.49% 4.02% 136.43
Striving
Older People, Less Prosperous Areas 3.60% 3.19% 113.08
Council Estate Residents, Better-Off Homes 23.08% 11.31% 204.02
Council Estate Residents, High Unemployment 5.59% 3.06% 182.71
Council Estate Residents, Greatest Hardship 5.76% 2.52% 228.85
People in Multi-Ethnic, Low-Income Areas 3.59% 2.10% 171.12
Unclassified
Unclassified 0.00% 0.06% 0.00
Household Income of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
0-5K 12.98% 9.41% 137.87
5-10K 21.06% 16.63% 126.63
10-15K 19.10% 16.58% 115.19
15-20K 14.19% 13.58% 104.44
20-25K 9.85% 10.39% 94.80
25-30K 6.71% 7.77% 86.35
30-35K 4.58% 5.79% 79.00
35-40K 3.15% 4.33% 72.64
40-45K 2.19% 3.27% 67.12
45-50K 1.55% 2.48% 62.32
50-55K 1.11% 1.90% 58.12
55-60K 0.80% 1.47% 54.44
60-65K 0.59% 1.15% 51.20
65-70K 0.44% 0.91% 48.33
70-75K 0.33% 0.72% 45.77
75-80K 0.25% 0.57% 43.48
80-85K 0.19% 0.46% 41.43
85-90K 0.15% 0.37% 39.57
90-95K 0.12% 0.31% 37.89
95-100K 0.09% 0.25% 36.36
100K + 0.40% 1.34% 29.43

Local Map of the constituency
Preston - Local Map of the constituency

National Map of the constituency
Preston - National Map of the constituency

Swing
1992-1997 1997-2001
Labour (7.68%) Liberal Democrat (0.85%)
Conservative (- 10.48%)
Conservative (1.03%)
Labour (-  3.79%) Liberal Democrat (-  1.49%)
Con - 10.48%
Lab 7.68%
LD 0.85%
Con 1.03%
Lab - 3.79%
LD - 1.49%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Mark Hendrick
Labour hold
Con Conservative (22.95%) 8,272 22.95%
Lab Labour (56.99%) 20,540 56.99%
LD Liberal Democrat (13.17%) 4,746 13.17%
Oth Other (6.89%) 2,483 6.89%
Maj Majority (34.04%) 12,268 34.04%
Turn Turnout (50.00%) 36,041 50.00%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Mark Hendrick
Labour hold
Ind B David Braid 223 0.62%
LD Bill Chadwick 4,746 13.17%
LC Mark Hendrick 20,540 56.99%
G Richard Merrick 1,019 2.83%
C Graham O'Hare 8,272 22.95%
Ind P Bilal Patel 1,241 3.44%
Candidates representing 6 parties stood for election to this seat.
Byelection Results
By Election (23 November 2000)
Death of Audrey Wise on 2 September 2000
Mark Hendrick
Labour
Con Conservative (24.99%) 5,339 24.99%
Lab Labour (45.71%) 9,765 45.71%
LD Liberal Democrat (16.17%) 3,454 16.17%
Oth Other (13.13%) 2,805 13.13%
Maj Majority (20.72%) 4,426 20.72%
Turn Turnout (29.39%) 21,363 29.39%
1997 Results - General Election (1 May 1997)
Audrey Wise
Labour
Con Conservative (21.92%) 10,540 21.92%
Lab Labour (60.78%) 29,220 60.78%
LD Liberal Democrat (14.65%) 7,045 14.65%
Ref Referendum (1.92%) 924 1.92%
Oth Other (0.72%) 345 0.72%
Maj Majority (38.86%) 18,680 38.86%
Turn Turnout (65.92%) 48,074 65.92%
1992 Results -  General Election (9 April 1992)
Labour
Con Conservative (32.40%) 17,876 32.40%
Lab Labour (53.10%) 29,342 53.10%
LD Liberal Democrat (13.80%) 7,644 13.80%
Oth Other (0.70%) 376 0.70%
Maj Majority (20.80%) 11,466 20.80%
Turn Turnout (75.82%) 55,238 75.82%

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