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election2001
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Readers Poll Con 52% Lab 28% LD 18% Nat 2% Enter your vote to win 1M

Rayleigh
Conservative hold

Constituency Profile by Robert Waller
South East Essex has for some decades recorded the highest percentages of owner occupied housing anywhere in Britain in the decennial Census, and the seat with the highest of all, 90pc bar a tenth of a percentage point in 1991, is Rayleigh. This was a new constituency name in 1997, reflecting the recent population growth. It consists of a number of modern communities north west of Southend on Sea, such as Rayleigh itself, Hockley, Hawkwood and Hullbridge up towards the river Crouch. It stretches across the Crouch to a place which typifies this areas growth: South Woodham Ferrers. For example according to the last Census one of its wards, South woodham Ferrers Collingwood East and West (yes, that is one ward name) grew from 200 to 7,546 in ten years - a rise of 3,773 pc! Overall, Rayleigh is not an upper class seat. The proportion of residents with higher academic or professional qualifications is lower than the national average, as is that of those in higher management. Nevertheless, the Conservative majority over Labour even in 1997 was 10,684. It should be remembered too that it is 99pc white, has less than 5pc council tenants, and who can forget all those owner occupiers?

Personality Profile by Byron Criddle
Mark Francois, former Director of the lobbyist firm Market Access, chubby-faced and Essex-reared, was born in 1965, attended Nicholas School, Basildon, Bristol University and King's College London. Battle-hardened, he served for four years on Basildon Council in the early nineties, fought Ken Livingstone at Brent East in 1997, and narrowly missed selection for the Kensington & Chelsea byelection fought by Michael Portillo, in 1999, and for East Devon in 2000. As a former student of war studies at King's College London, he has been active in the TA with the King's Anglian Regiment.
ACORN Population Profile of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
Thriving
Wealthy Achievers, Suburban Areas 30.50% 14.99% 203.44
Affluent Greys, Rural Communities 0.34% 2.13% 16.19
Prosperous Pensioners, Retirement Areas 2.31% 2.49% 93.10
Expanding
Affluent Executives, Family Areas 14.02% 4.43% 316.93
Well-Off Workers, Family Areas 16.24% 7.27% 223.25
Rising
Affluent Urbanites, Town & City Areas 0.61% 2.56% 23.82
Prosperous Professionals, Metropolitan Areas 0.06% 2.04% 3.10
Better-Off Executives, Inner City Areas 0.02% 3.94% 0.48
Settling
Comfortable Middle Agers, Mature Home Owning Areas 29.83% 13.04% 228.74
Skilled Workers, Home Owning Areas 0.54% 12.70% 4.23
Aspiring
New Home Owners, Mature Communities 3.09% 8.14% 37.99
White Collar Workers, Better-Off Multi Ethnic Areas 0.00% 4.02% 0.00
Striving
Older People, Less Prosperous Areas 0.04% 3.19% 1.22
Council Estate Residents, Better-Off Homes 1.47% 11.31% 12.96
Council Estate Residents, High Unemployment 0.08% 3.06% 2.58
Council Estate Residents, Greatest Hardship 0.42% 2.52% 16.49
People in Multi-Ethnic, Low-Income Areas 0.00% 2.10% 0.00
Unclassified
Unclassified 0.43% 0.06% 684.15
Household Income of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
0-5K 5.00% 9.41% 53.10
5-10K 10.84% 16.63% 65.18
10-15K 13.16% 16.58% 79.35
15-20K 12.70% 13.58% 93.47
20-25K 11.08% 10.39% 106.59
25-30K 9.20% 7.77% 118.32
30-35K 7.45% 5.79% 128.59
35-40K 5.96% 4.33% 137.45
40-45K 4.73% 3.27% 145.01
45-50K 3.76% 2.48% 151.41
50-55K 2.99% 1.90% 156.82
55-60K 2.38% 1.47% 161.35
60-65K 1.90% 1.15% 165.15
65-70K 1.53% 0.91% 168.31
70-75K 1.23% 0.72% 170.94
75-80K 1.00% 0.57% 173.11
80-85K 0.81% 0.46% 174.88
85-90K 0.66% 0.37% 176.33
90-95K 0.54% 0.31% 177.49
95-100K 0.45% 0.25% 178.41
100K + 2.41% 1.34% 179.00

Local Map of the constituency
Rayleigh - Local Map of the constituency

National Map of the constituency
Rayleigh - National Map of the constituency

Swing
1992-1997 1997-2001
Labour (14.10%)
Conservative (- 11.37%) Liberal Democrat (-  2.15%)
Conservative (41.49%)
Labour (- 23.49%) Liberal Democrat (- 17.03%)
Con - 11.37%
Lab 14.10%
LD - 2.15%
Con 41.49%
Lab - 23.49%
LD - 17.03%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Mark Francois
Conservative hold
Con Conservative (91.21%) 221,434 91.21%
Lab Labour (5.41%) 13,144 5.41%
LD Liberal Democrat (2.72%) 6,614 2.72%
Oth Other (0.65%) 1,581 0.65%
Maj Majority (85.80%) 208,290 85.80%
Turn Turnout (346.46%) 242,773 346.46%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Mark Francois
Conservative hold
L Paul Clark 13,144 5.41%
C Mark Francois 221,434 91.21%
UK Colin Morgan 1,581 0.65%
LD Geoff Williams 6,614 2.72%
Candidates representing 4 parties stood for election to this seat.
1997 Results - General Election (1 May 1997)
Michael Clark
Conservative
Con Conservative (49.73%) 25,516 49.73%
Lab Labour (28.90%) 14,832 28.90%
LD Liberal Democrat (19.75%) 10,137 19.75%
Ref 0 0.00%
Oth Other (1.62%) 829 1.62%
Maj Majority (20.82%) 10,684 20.82%
Turn Turnout (74.65%) 51,314 74.65%
1992 Results -  General Election (9 April 1992)
Conservative
Con Conservative (61.10%) 33,065 61.10%
Lab Labour (14.80%) 8,032 14.80%
LD Liberal Democrat (21.90%) 11,868 21.90%
Oth Other (2.10%) 1,152 2.10%
Maj Majority (39.20%) 25,033 39.20%
Turn Turnout (80.52%) 54,117 80.52%

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