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election2001
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Readers Poll Con 52% Lab 28% LD 18% Nat 2% Enter your vote to win 1M

Birmingham, Yardley
Labour hold

Constituency Profile by Robert Waller
One of the most unusual recent electoral histories is to be found on the south eastern edge of Birmingham in the Yardley division. It does not look anything special. The territory covered by the wards of Acock's Green, Sheldon and Yardley itself seem typically suburban, with a racial and housing tenure mix close to the national average and a slightly more working class makeup than the norm. From 1945 to 1979 it was one of the best examples of a two party Labour - Conservative marginal, changing hands six times between them, three times each way. Then in 1992 a Liberal Democrat businessman, some said a millionaire, named John Hemming appeared on the scene. Already a councillor, he turned Yardley into a three way marginal. The Lib Dems utterly dominate the representation of this area on the city council, and if Hemming has never won a place in the Commons, he managed to increase his vote even during Labour's landslide in 1997, and the Liberal Democrats are the obvious challengers now should New Labour government, and one of its rising members, Estelle Morris, slip up. The Liberal Democrats even managed to poll the most votes here in the 1999 Euro-elections.

Personality Profile by Byron Criddle
Labour's Estelle Morris, an intense, cadaverous, Mancunian-accented junior Education minister, and daughter and niece of two former Manchester MPs, has held this seat since 1992. A dogged performer from Labour's chalk face, she was born in 1952, educated at Whalley Range High School, Manchester, Coventry College of Education and Warwick University. and was a teacher for 18 years. She faces a three-cornered fight with the 57-year-old Conservative teacher, Barrie Roberts, and the persistent Liberal Democrat, John Hemmings, businessman and leader of the LibDem Birmingham councillors, who has fought the seat twice before. His strong second place in 1997 makes Yardley a potential embarrassment for his party's national campaigners who will be fighting on the tacit assumption of a Lib-Lab anti-Tory pact.

Internet Links for this constituency
ACORN Population Profile of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
Thriving
Wealthy Achievers, Suburban Areas 0.00% 14.99% 0.00
Affluent Greys, Rural Communities 0.00% 2.13% 0.00
Prosperous Pensioners, Retirement Areas 0.00% 2.49% 0.00
Expanding
Affluent Executives, Family Areas 0.08% 4.43% 1.72
Well-Off Workers, Family Areas 4.88% 7.27% 67.10
Rising
Affluent Urbanites, Town & City Areas 0.00% 2.56% 0.00
Prosperous Professionals, Metropolitan Areas 0.00% 2.04% 0.00
Better-Off Executives, Inner City Areas 3.32% 3.94% 84.16
Settling
Comfortable Middle Agers, Mature Home Owning Areas 13.26% 13.04% 101.67
Skilled Workers, Home Owning Areas 24.17% 12.70% 190.26
Aspiring
New Home Owners, Mature Communities 14.18% 8.14% 174.17
White Collar Workers, Better-Off Multi Ethnic Areas 3.87% 4.02% 96.21
Striving
Older People, Less Prosperous Areas 6.96% 3.19% 218.64
Council Estate Residents, Better-Off Homes 27.69% 11.31% 244.80
Council Estate Residents, High Unemployment 1.18% 3.06% 38.52
Council Estate Residents, Greatest Hardship 0.41% 2.52% 16.47
People in Multi-Ethnic, Low-Income Areas 0.00% 2.10% 0.00
Unclassified
Unclassified 0.00% 0.06% 0.00
Household Income of the constituency
  Area
Percent
GB
Percent
Index
GB=100
 
0-5K 11.54% 9.41% 122.54
5-10K 18.81% 16.63% 113.11
10-15K 18.09% 16.58% 109.11
15-20K 14.30% 13.58% 105.29
20-25K 10.49% 10.39% 100.97
25-30K 7.48% 7.77% 96.24
30-35K 5.29% 5.79% 91.33
35-40K 3.74% 4.33% 86.44
40-45K 2.67% 3.27% 81.69
45-50K 1.92% 2.48% 77.17
50-55K 1.39% 1.90% 72.93
55-60K 1.02% 1.47% 68.98
60-65K 0.75% 1.15% 65.32
65-70K 0.56% 0.91% 61.94
70-75K 0.42% 0.72% 58.82
75-80K 0.32% 0.57% 55.96
80-85K 0.25% 0.46% 53.33
85-90K 0.19% 0.37% 50.90
90-95K 0.15% 0.31% 48.67
95-100K 0.12% 0.25% 46.61
100K + 0.50% 1.34% 37.11

Local Map of the constituency
Birmingham, Yardley - Local Map of the constituency

National Map of the constituency
Birmingham, Yardley - National Map of the constituency

Swing
1992-1997 1997-2001
Labour (12.15%) Liberal Democrat (2.78%)
Conservative (- 16.67%)
Liberal Democrat (5.36%)
Conservative (-  4.70%) Labour (-  0.12%)
Con - 16.67%
Lab 12.15%
LD 2.78%
Con - 4.70%
Lab - 0.12%
LD 5.36%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Estelle Morris
Labour hold
Con Conservative (13.13%) 3,941 13.13%
Lab Labour (46.93%) 14,085 46.93%
LD Liberal Democrat (38.34%) 11,507 38.34%
Oth Other (1.60%) 480 1.60%
Maj Majority (8.59%) 2,578 8.59%
Turn Turnout (57.23%) 30,013 57.23%
2001 Results - General Election (7 June 2001)
Estelle Morris
Labour hold
LD John Hemming 11,507 38.34%
L Estelle Morris 14,085 46.93%
C Barrie Roberts 3,941 13.13%
UK Alan Ware 329 1.10%
SL Colin Wren 151 0.50%
Candidates representing 5 parties stood for election to this seat.
1997 Results - General Election (1 May 1997)
Estelle Morris
Labour
Con Conservative (17.83%) 6,736 17.83%
Lab Labour (47.05%) 17,778 47.05%
LD Liberal Democrat (32.98%) 12,463 32.98%
Ref Referendum (1.71%) 646 1.71%
Oth Other (0.43%) 164 0.43%
Maj Majority (14.07%) 5,315 14.07%
Turn Turnout (71.22%) 37,787 71.22%
1992 Results -  General Election (9 April 1992)
Labour
Con Conservative (34.50%) 14,722 34.50%
Lab Labour (34.90%) 14,884 34.90%
LD Liberal Democrat (30.20%) 12,899 30.20%
Oth Other (0.40%) 192 0.40%
Maj Majority (0.40%) 162 0.40%
Turn Turnout (76.76%) 42,697 76.76%

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